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Boron is an essential trace mineral that is lacking in New Zealand soils. It was used as a washing powder (due to its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal qualities) and was at one stage used as an ant killer under the name Borax. However it is non-toxic to humans and is 50 to 100 times less toxic than sodium chloride (table salt).

Personally I lucked onto boron and it has made a significant and demonstrable impact on both my general wellbeing and lifestyle. The impacts for me, which started almost immediately, appear to be generally in line with the literature have been:

  • Significantly increased levels of joint movement and flexibility accompanied by a decrease in pain and stress (the primary reported benefit of Boron appears to be arthritis relief and although I don’t have arthritis I have had a number of knee operations that have restricted my ability to bend, flex and carry particular loads)
  • Increased levels of energy and endurance which I put down to the reported ability of boron to increase low testosterone levels in men and oestrogen levels in menopausal women
  • Better balance while exercising
  • Clearer thinking and the ability to concentrate for longer periods without fatigue,
  • A better sleep, and
  • An increase in mood levels and general optimism

Which is a broad spectrum of benefit from the addition of a 3 mg a day trace mineral supplement, particularly given that I would have said I slept well, had better than average energy levels and the ability to concentrate for long periods prior to supplementation.

Exactly why boron is rarely talked about as an essential mineral or supplement is bemusing as it is essential in carrying out a range of normal functioning in our systems including:

  • It is essential for healthy bone and joint function as it regulates the absorption and metabolism of calcium, magnesium and phosphorous through its influence on the parathyroid glands (an endocrine gland that makes and excretes hormones)
  • Boron deficiency causes the parathyroids to become overactive and release too much hormone which raises the blood level of calcium by releasing calcium from bones and teeth (which leads to osteoarthritis and other forms of arthritis and tooth decay)
  • High blood levels of calcium (with advancing age) lead to calcification of soft tissue, calcification of endocrine glands and kidneys
  • Affecting the metabolism of steroid hormones, especially the sex hormones
  • Increases testosterone levels in men and oestrogen levels in menopausal women
  • Plays a role in converting vitamin D to its active form
  • Improves heart problems
  • Has a positive effect on vision and eyesight
  • Improves mood, memory and cognition, and
  • Boron has anti-tumour properties that are anti-osteoporotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-coagulant and anti-neoplastic

The Natural Abundance boron is straight boron salts from naturally occuring deposits in California which you mix into a solution and take 2 teaspoons a day or approximately 3 mg mgs of Boron. The cost of our boron supplement is 2 cents a day and your 70 grams at a standard dose rate will last you for three and a half years

You can buy it as a pre-packaged boron tablet supplement but you will pay around $30 for 30 days supply in tablet form.

I would highly recommend you investigate adding boron to your diet.

Boron is an essential minerals and impacts on our health and general wellbeing in a vast number of ways:


Menopausal Women
Boron increases oestrogen levels in menopausal women. Low oestrogen levels after menopause are considered to be the main reason why many older women develop osteoporosis. Research has demonstrated that boron supplementation in postmenopausal women doubles the blood level of the most active form of oestrogen, 17-beta oestradiol, to the level of women undertakin oestrogen replacement therapy.

Unlike HRT which comes with a high risk of breast or endometrial cancer there is no evidence to show any increased cancer risk with hormones produced naturally by the body following boron supplementation.

It appears that boron may balance the levels of sex hormone in a similar way to maca (South American tuber) powder.

Testosterone Booster
Boron affects the metabolism of steroid hormones, especially the sex hormones. It has the effect of increasing low testosterone levels in men. Many older men show significantly improved memory and cognition which appears to be partly explained by the  increased levels of sex hormones (also partly explained by improved membrane functions of brain cells).

General Stiffness and Mobility
Along with the effects on bones, with advancing age high levels of blood calcium lead to calcification of soft tissues, causing muscle contractions and stiffness. I presuming that this is the reason for my increased level of flexibility since taking boron.

Calcium-Magnesium Ratio
When we are in good health, particularly in our younger years a calcium-magnesium ratio of 2:1 is normal and generally supplied through the diet. With boron deficiency, increasing age and the presence of disease conditions we need less calcium and more magnesium.

For optimum benefit and for boron to be fully effective you might need to look at magnesium supplementation of around 400 mg to 600 mg per day. Whilst this contradicts the medical focus on high calcium intake it is based on the fact that:

  • Many people suffering from disabling conditions associated with the calcium-magnesium balance in their body will have ample reserves of calcium stored in the wrong places, and
  • Supplementation with boron and magnesium will redeposit this displaced calcium into the bones

Cognitive Performance
A study was carried out in 1994 (J G Penland) to investigate the functional role of boron, brain electrophysiology and cognitive performance in response to dietary manipulation of boron:

  • Over three studies of healthy older men and women
  • Boron intake was controlled at .25 mg versus 3.25 mg per day with dietary calorie intake maintained as constant
  • Electroencephalographic data showed that with the low boron intake group there was an increase in the proportion of low-frequency activity and a decrease in the proportion of higher-frequency activity, a response generally observed in response to malnutrition and heaving metal toxicity, and
  • Performance (response time) on various cognitive and psychomotor tasks showed a significantly poorer performance by the low boron group compared to the high boron group, particularly with manual dexterity, hand-eye coordination, perception, encoding and short-term memory and long-term memory

Bone Joint & Inflammation

Boron deficiency causes the parathyroid glands to become overactive which raises the blood level of calcium by releasing calcium from bones and teeth. Boron deficiency can be a major cause of osteoporosis due this propensity to leach calcium and magnesium. Supplementation with boron will reduce calcium loss by about 50%. It also has a couple of other important effects:

  • A higher boron content in the bones makes them harder
  • It has an effect of normalising or stimulating sex hormones which stimulates the growth of new bone
  • Bone analysis shows that arthritic joints and nearby bones have only have the boron of healthy joints
  • Synovial fluid that is responsible for lubricating the joints and providing nutrients to the cartilage is born deficient in arthritic joints
  • Bone fractures heal in about half the normal time with boron supplementation, and
  • Boron is effective with a range of forms of arthritis including rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus and juvenile arthritis

In an experiment with rats:

  • Rats with osteoporosis were given a boron supplement for 30 days
  • After the 30 day trial period their bone health, as measured by density, was the same as the health control group, and
  • As healthy as the group with osteoporosis but supplemented with the drug oestradiol

Skeletal Fluorosis
Skeletal Fluorosis is a bone disease that has similar presentations to arthritis. It is caused by excess consumption of fluoride and the most common cause is commercially packaged teas which contain high levels of fluoride.

In a Chinese study borax was used to treat 31 patients with skeletal fluorosis. The dose was increased from 300 mg to 1,100 mg a day for a three month period. Patients were given one week a month off. The treatment was effective with improvement between 50% to 80%.

Cancer Risk Prevention

Cell Membrane Deterioration
A German cancer researcher (Dr Paul-Gerhard Seeger) has demonstrated that cancer frequently starts with the deterioration of cell membranes. It is postulated that as boron is essential for cell membranes and boron deficiency is widespread, this could be a significant factor in tumour growth. Boron compounds have anti-tumour properties.

Research has shown that supplementation with boron is beneficial for men with prostrate cancer as the elevated testosterone levels work to shrink prostrate timours and PSA (Prostrate Specific Antigen) which is a marker for tumours and inflammation of the prostrate.


Heart Health
The addition of boron to the diet has been shown to improve a range of heart problems and decreases in arteriosclerosis (blocked arteries) due to decreasing the levels of calcium in the blood.

Boron has been shown to have cholesterol lowering properties. In one study with chickens they were given boron along with the regular feed. The study showed a decrease in the level of cholesterol.

Daily health & wellbeing

Calcium-Magnesium Balance
The calcium-magnesium balance is critical for robust everyday health and an essential part of the balance is optimum levels of boron. There is an antagonistic as well as cooperative relationship between calcium and magnesium that plays a critical role in cellular, muscular and skeletal health.

Approximately 50% of our body’s magnesium is found in our bones and the other 50% inside the cells of tissues and organs. Only 1% is in the blood and the kidneys maintain this balance by excreting more or less in urine.

99% of calcium however is in the bones with the rest in fluid outside the cells. Muscles contract when calcium moves into the cells and relax when calcium is pumped out and magnesium moves in. The cellular pumping action requires significant energy to pump calcium out and if cell energy is low calcium may accumulate inside cells. Reasons for low energy might include faulty fat or sugar metabolism, accumulating metabolic wastes and toxins or candida.

This has a number of impacts:

  • A tendency to cramp and poor blood and lymph circulation with the problem exacerbated as calcium moves from the bones into soft tissue
  • Nerve cells may accumulate calcium which leads to faulty nerve cell transmission which can also lead to intracellular magnesium deficiency and as magnesium is essential to activate a myriad of enzymes, a deficiency leads to inefficient and blocked energy production
  • Excess calcium damages the cell membrane and it difficult for nutrients to move in and waste to move out. At a certain point of calcium toxicity the cells will die

If the body is boron deficient too much calcium moves into the cells while magnesium cannot enter to displace it essentially bringing on a premature ageing.

Dental health

Calcium Leaching
Boron deficiency causes increased amounts of calcium and magnesium to be lost in the urine. A significant source of lost calcium is the teeth and the addition of a boron supplement is likely to have a positive effect on dental health and tooth decay.

Boron has a role in converting vitamin D to its active form which increases calcium uptake and deposition into the bones and teeth rather than causing soft tissue to calcify.


Boron has been demonstrated to remove accumulated fluoride and heavy metals from the body. Boron reacts with fluoride ions to form boron fluorides which are excreted in the urine.

Fluoride causes bones to deteriorate and the pineal gland to calcify and contributes to an underactive thyroid.

In a Chinese study boron was used to treat 31 patients with skeletal fluorosis. The doses given were 300 mgs a day increased to 1,100 mgs a day during a three month period with one week off per month. The treatment was effective with a recorded 50% to 80% improvement.

A range of anecdotal evidence is available on the effectiveness of boron as a treatment for a range of chronic health problems attributed to fluoride:

Example A:

  • Female who had suffered from fibromyalgia, rosacea (an inflammatory condition in which the blood vessels on the face enlarge and give the cheeks and nose a reddish, inflamed appearance), chronic fatigue and Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ) which is a problem with the jaw, jaw point and surrounding facial tissue
  • She believed the problems are caused by fluoride
  • She used one-eighth of a teaspoon of boron and one-eighth teaspoon of salt in a litre of de-chlorinated water and drank this for five days each week
  • Within two weeks her face cleared, the redness faded, body temperature normalised, her energy levels increased and she steadily lost weight
  • The only reported side-effect was an initial aggravation of the rosacea symptoms

Example B:

  • Lady in US who reports her early childhood was fluoridated water along with fluoride tablets
  • She developed thyroid cancer, followed by adrenal fatigue, then early menopause followed by uterine collapse and hysterectomy
  • She then developed fibromyalga and neuropathy (dysfunction of one or more of the peripheral nerves resulting in numbness or weakness)
  • Faced with total disability, could barely walk, couldn’t sleep due to pain and was throwing up daily
  • Read about fluoride and started a boron detox of one-eighth a teaspoon in a litre of water and within three days the symptoms has almost gone

Diabetes & blood

Kidney Damage
Increased blood calcium levels associated with a lack of boron can lead to kidney stones, calcification of the kidneys and ultimately kidney failure.

Energy, endurance & exercise

Testosterone Levels
There is a significant level of evidence that shows boron has a positive effect on the production of testosterone in all men, but particularly in older men

A study of relatively younger men (29 to 50) demonstrated that following a week of boron supplementation at a daily level of 100 mg their free testosterone levels had risen by 33%.

Exercise & Boron
A study in 1998 (Curtiss Hunt) indicated that 'boron is a natural food substance that allows bone to respond to the beneficial effects of moderate habitual exercise and does so by modulating vitamin D metabolism.'

There are a range of conditions and degenerative diseases that appear to benefit from boron supplementation:

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis
Generally considered to be an autoimmune disease where the body attacks its own joints. The synovial membrane is affected which causes deformity and degeneration of the joint. It is more common in women and frequently develops into osteoarthritis.

An arthritis researcher Professor Wyburn-Mason identified an amoeba as a parasite in the joint. Some minerals in the blood, particularly boron, can control these parasites.

The New Zealand green lipped mussel extract that has been claimed to relieve arthritis was originally gathered from White Island, a volcanic island with vents under the sea. The mussels absorbed boron from the sea and this was the major contributing factor to arthritis relief. Mussels gathered from other areas do not show the same effect as they lack the boron.

In New Zealand a couple of spa pools are recommended as being good for arthritis and they all have very high boron levels. Ngawha is the spa of most note.


is a wearing away of the joint, typically in joints that have carried out the most amount of work or have been damaged. The cartilage around the joint wears away then none rubs on bone causing pain and permanent damage to the joint.

In areas of the world where people eat relatively high amounts of boron, between 3 mg and 10 mg per day, the incidence of osteoarthritis is below 10%. In parts of the world where boron in the diet is less than 1% the incidence of arthritis is considerably higher.

Studies have shown that the joints of people with osteoarthritis contain less boron than people without osteoarthritis and that supplementation with boron helps with pain relief, stopping further damage and strengthening damaged joints.


Periodontal Disease
Characterised by loose teeth and swollen gums. It is essentially arthritis of the teeth and gums. Boron mouth washes are an age-old treatment recognised as effective for pyorrhoea.

The Boron helps with the integration of calcium and as  gum problems partly stem from loss of calcium from the jaw and mouth area due to calcium deficiency.


Ankylosing Spondylitis
Is a rheumatic disease that causes spine and sacroiliac joint inflammation.  It shows as low back pain or, when it is more severe, it affects the whole spine and its surrounding joints, causing great pain on joints, spine stiffness, loss of mobility and progressive joint deformation.  Sometimes it can go along with other symptoms like eye swelling or heart valve inflammation.

Calcium tends to be lost from the vertebrae which results in fusion and disc degeneration.

Spondylitis is a condition that responds to mineral supplementation like boron.


Another joint disease, most commonly the big toe. Brought about by concentration of uric acid in a specific body part resulting from the breakdown of proteins.

The primary cause is a mineral imbalance resulting from insufficient metabolism of sugars, alcohol and proteins.

Boron is effective in relieving and preventing gout.


Brittle Bones
Comes about from decalcification of the bones. It is essentially a disease of western civilisation and the introduction of processed foods and industrial farming. Our modern diet tends to leach minerals from the bones for other uses which results in the erosion of our bony skeletal structure and the propensity to fracture easily.

The bones of your body (including your teeth) act as your mineral bank and also the great provider in times of mineral shortages. If there is a requirement for a particular mineral in another part of the body the bones will release that mineral as a means of maintaining our general health.

Bones are composed of a range of minerals in differing proportions, including calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, sodium, sulphur, potassium, zinc, manganese, copper, silicon and boron.

Boron is essential in assisting other minerals to combine as part of the mineral matrix.

Fluoride Exposure

Fluoride Chelation
Fluoride is a contributor to arthritis and a range of other poor health outcomes. Most of us have fluoride added to our water, brush our teeth with it and consume it as a hidden element of many foods and would find it almost impossible to avoid it. We daily drench our biggest organ (our skin) in it.

Mottling of the teeth is an obvious sign of fluoride but at the same time fluorosis of the skeletal bones is occurring. Whilst teeth are the only bones normally visible, their state is representative of other bones in our body. If we have teeth missing, filled or with cavities it is wise to expect that there are problems with other bones.

Boron is a natural in-activator and chelator of fluoride.

Prostrate Cancer

Boron and Prostrate Cancer
PSA (Prostrate-specific Antigen) is the most abundance protein synthesised in the prostrate gland. Commonly the test for PSA is applied in order to detect prostrate cancer. Whilst it was previously considered that PSA presence was an indicator of prostrate cancer it is increasingly being viewed as playing a role in the progression and metastatis (the development of secondary malignant growths).

New studies (Gallardo-Williams) have shown that boric acid and boronic acid significantly inhibit the degradation of fibronectin (a protein in the prostrate) by enzymatically active PSA. In another study with mice the same authors showed that expression of IGF-1 (insulin like growth factor) in tumours was markedly reduced by boric acid. PSA levels dropped by an average 87% while tumour size decreased by an average of 31.5% in the boric acid supplemented group.

In another study at UCLA (Cui and colleagues) demonstrated that men with the highest dietary boron intake reduced their prostrate cancer risk by 54% compared to men with the lowest boron intake.

Heart Health

Heart Disease Markers
Boron is an inflammation fighter, particularly TNF-alpha (Tumour Necrosis Factor which is involved in systemic inflammation) and C-Reactive protein (a byproduct of inflammation that is strongly predictive of cardiovascular disease) and its presence in recommended quantities is likely to improve and maintain artery health and improve blood flow. The presence of boron has been shown to slow arteriosclerosis and support the body to pump out nitric acid.

The presence of TNF-alpha is strongly predictive of heart disease as well as erectile dysfunction, diabetes, arthritis and a range of other conditions.

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction
Boron is cited regularly in the literature as a remedy for erectile dysfunction. One study, which showed typical results gave eight, healthy, middle-aged volunteers 10 mg of sodium tetraborate (borax) for four weeks. The results showed:

  • Free testosterone increased by 28%
  • Oestradiol (oestrogen) decreased by 39%
  • DHT (dihidrotestosterone) increased but not significantly
  • Levels of vitamin D increased
  • C-Reactive Protein showed a significant decrease
  • TNF-alpha showed a significant decrease

Particularly significant with regards to erectile dysfunction was the significant increase in the testosterone-to oestrogen ratio.

Boron should be used daily and targeted to your level of need and particular health requirements. The boron comes to you in salt crystal form which you make into a suspension.

Making Suspension

Liquid Suspension
Dissolve a teaspoon (use a standard teaspoon measure) of 5 grams of boron and dissolve this in 1 litre of water. Boron dissolves readily in water and the water will take on a sweet taste after a couple of days. You might want to warm the water in very cold weather.

Use a re-sealable jar (I use a glass preserving jar) and keep in a safe place away from children or any other person who might mistake it for drinking water.

Standard Dose

Recommended Standard Dosage
The recommended dosage is 1 teaspoon of the suspension morning and night. One teaspoon will supply approximately 3 mg of boron.

The recommended method of taking is with food or other liquid.

If the dose feels correct taken a second teaspoon with a later meal. I take two teaspoons in the morning and one at night.

If you do not have any specific health problems, or as a maintenance programme, you can continue indefinitely on one or two teaspoons daily

Problem Specific Dosing

Specific Conditions
If you have a particular problem like arthritis, osteoporosis and related conditions, cramps, spasms, stiffness due to advancing years, menopause or to improve low sex hormone production you can increase dose to 3 or 4 standard doses spaced out during the day.

You can continue this regime for months or longer until you feel that the problem has been rectified and then move back to the standard maintenance dose.

Fluoride Removal, Treating Candida

The doses recommended for treating candida or the removal of fluoride from the body are in line with the doses used in the research cited in various studies, namely:

  • One-eighth of a teaspoon of boron in one litre of water for low to normal weight individuals, spaced out during the day
  • One-quarter of boron in one litre of water for heavier individuals spaced out during the day
  • Always start with a lower dose and gradually move to the intended maximum
  • Take the maximum amounts for four or five days a week as long as required, or alternatively periodically alternate between a low dose and your maximum dose

Possible Side-Effects

Borax is a naturally occurring mineral and is not associated with any negative side-effects. However, with the use of any natural medicine there is the potential for going through a healing reaction before the beneficial long-term effects take hold. The most common is the Herxheimer Reaction which is the reaction to the release of endotoxins in the body brought about by the death of harmful organisms when boron is used as a Candida treatment

With long-standing severe calcifications a large amount of calcium cannot be redistributed in a short timeframe and this may lead to short to medium-term problems of:

  • Increased calcium levels in the affected areas in the short-term, particularly the hips and shoulders which can cause problems like cramping, pain or blood circulation
  • Fluoride evacuation may result in nerve related effects in the hands and feet or reduced sensitivity or feeling in the skin
  • Higher amounts of calcium or fluoride passing through the kidneys may cause temporary kidney pain

Whenever you experience an unpleasant effect, reduce or temporarily stop the boron intake until the problem subsides and then recommence in incremental doses. Helpful other measures during the cleansing process include:

  • Significantly increased fluid intake
  • Adding organic acids like lemon juice, apple cider vinegar or Kombucha to your diet, and

Improving lymph flow with walking, running, bounding, exercising and a range of inverted position


Product Safety
The borax sold to you is commonly termed as technical grade with a purity level of 99 to 99.5% minimum purity. The contaminants are actually a range of other essential minerals including sodium, potassium, calcium, chloride, bicarbonate, sulphate and phosphate. Whilst there is a pharmaceutical grade it is not noticeably purer or ‘better’.

As the sale of borax is banned in a number of countries you might want to consider the evidence around safety and toxicity before deciding to take it


Boron Toxicity
A comparison with sodium chloride (table salt) shows that table salt is 50% to 100% more toxic than boron. Sodium chloride changes genetic material and is mutagenic, whereas borax is harmless in that regard.

Infants are most at risk from boron ingestion. It is estimated that 5 grams to 10 grams can cause severe vomiting, diarrhoea, shock and even death. However lethal doses are not well documented in the literature.

The US data from the US Environmental Protection Agency shows a review of:

  • 784 accidental human poisonings from 10 to 88 grams
  • No reported fatalities with 88% of cases being asymptomatic (meaning nothing was noticed)
  • Gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal and central nervous system effects, dermatitis, erythema and death have been observed in some children and adults exposed to more 84 mg per kilo, corresponding to more than 40 grams of borax for 60 kilograms of weight
  • Animal studies have identified reproductive toxicity as the most sensitive effects of boron ingestion. Exposure of rats, mice and dogs for several weeks showed some damage to the testes and sperm at doses of more than 26 mg born per kg, which equates to 15 grams of borax per 60 kg of body weight daily
  • Human studies of the possible association between impaired fertility and high boron levels in the water, soil and dust in a Turkish population of boron mining and processing workers found no effect
  • One US study showed elevated fertility rates in borax production workers compared to the US average

European Bans
In Europe borax and boric acid have been classified as reproductive poisons and since 2010 are no longer available to the people of the EU. Borax is still available in Switzerland.

Boron is deficient in New Zealand soils and a number of things should be taken into account when considering whether a boron supplement might be beneficial:

Presence of Boron

Presence of Boron
Boron is present in all plants and unprocessed food, to a greater or lesser degree depending on where the food is grown. Where boron is plentiful in the soil, a diet rich in fruit and vegetables is likely to provide between 2 to 5 mg of boron per day.

The problem tends to be that in developed countries where agriculture is heavily mechanised and commercialised and uses a large amount of fertiliser the uptake of boron from the soil is inhibited. Fertilisers together with a move to processed food has significantly reduced the boron uptake compared to 50 or 100 years ago.

The boron content of food has diminished for a number of reasons:

  • Boiling vegetables means that most of the boron is discarded with the water
  • Commercial processing of food strips out the boron
  • Phytic acid in cereals, cooked legumes and baked goods reduce boron availability, and
  • Gluten sensitivity and candida inhibit the absorption of all minerals including boron

Which means that health problems associated with boron deficiency can now be fairly common

Boron Availability

Boron Availability
There is a strong link between the levels of boron in the soil and water and the incidence of arthritis. The level of boron available in the soil also appears to be heavily impacted on by the use of fertilisers:

  • New Zealand, Australia and the USA generally have average soil-boron levels at the lower end of the spectrum and corresponding arthritis rates of around 20%
  • Carnarvon in Western Australia which has high boron levels in the soil and the water has arthritis rates of only 1%
  • Israel has high boron levels in the soil which is estimated to give the population a general boron intake of about 5 to 8 mg a day and the arthritis incidence is less than 1%
  • Ngawha Springs in New Zealand has very high levels of born in the spring water which has been used as a curative for arthritis since the discovery of its healing powers, and
  • Due to long-term, heavy fertiliser use in sugar cane growing Jamaica has one of the lowest levels of boron in the soil in the world and an arthritis rate of 70%

Boron Deficiency

General Symptoms
Boron deficiency causes the parathyroid glands to become overactive and release excess amounts of parathyroid hormone. This has the effect of:

  • Raising the blood level of calcium through the release of calcium from the bones and teeth
  • This release of calcium leads to osteoarthritis and other forms of arthritis, osteoporosis and tooth decay. Arthritic joints and nearby bones have only half the boron content of healthy bones
  • Calcification of soft tissues, particularly with advancing age, which results in muscle contractions and stiffness
  • Calcification of endocrine glands, particularly the pineal gland and ovaries
  • Arteriosclerosis, kidney stones and calcification of the kidneys, and
  • Combined with magnesium deficiency can be extremely damaging to bones and teeth

Essential Mineral

Classification & Function
Whilst not classified as an essential mineral the body of research indicates that it is required for normal and healthy functioning. Boron is distributed throughout the body with the highest concentration in the parathyroid glands, followed by bones and dental enamel. It is essential for:

  • Regulating the absorption and metabolism of calcium, magnesium and phosphorous through its influence on the parathyroid glands, and
  • Healthy bone and joint function

It has shown to be effective with a range of arthritis conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus and juvenile arthritis

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